Who Has Your Back in Colombia? Our Third-Annual Report Shows Progress
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Fundaci:undefined:ó:undefined:n Karisma in cooperation with EFF has released its third-annual :undefined:¿:undefined:D:undefined:ó:undefined:nde Estan Mis Datos? report, the Colombian version of EFF:undefined:’:undefined:s Who Has Your Back. And this year:undefined:’:undefined:s report has some good news.
According to the Colombian Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies, broadband Internet penetration in Colombia is well over 50% and growing fast. Like users around the world, Colombians put their most private data, including their online relationships, political, artistic and personal discussions, and even their minute-by-minute movements online. And all of that data necessarily has to go through one of a handful of ISPs. But without transparency from those ISPs, how can Colombians trust that their data is being treated with respect?
This project is part of a series across Latin America, adapted from EFF:undefined:’:undefined:s annualWho Has Your Back? report. The reports are intended to evaluate mobile and fixed ISPs to see which stand with their users when responding to government requests for personal information. While there:undefined:’:undefined:s definitely room for improvement, the third edition of the Colombian report shows substantial improvement.
The full report is available only in Spanish from Fundaci:undefined:ó:undefined:n Karisma, but here are some highlights.
This third-annual report goes even further in evaluating companies than ever before. The 2017 edition doesn:undefined:’:undefined:t just look at ISPs data practices; it evaluates whether companies have corporate policies of gender equality and accessibility, whether they publicly report data breaches, and whether they:undefined:’:undefined:ve adopted HTTPS to protect their users and employees. By and large, the companies didn:undefined:’:undefined:t do very well at the new criteria, but that:undefined:’:undefined:s part of the point. Reports like this help push the companies to do better.
That:undefined:’:undefined:s especially clear by looking at the criteria evaluated in previous years. There:undefined:’:undefined:s been significant improvement.
New for 2017, a Colombian ISP, known as ETB, has released the country:undefined:’:undefined:s first transparency report. This type of report, which lists the number and type of legal demands for data from government and law enforcement, is essential to helping users understand the scope of Internet surveillance and make informed decisions about storing their sensitive data or engaging in private communications.We:undefined:’:undefined:ve long urged companies to release these reports regularly, and we:undefined:’:undefined:re happy to see a Colombian ISP join in.
In addition, this year:undefined:’:undefined:s report shows that more companies than ever are releasing public information about their data protection policies and their related corporate policies. We applaud this transparency, especially when their policies go further than the law requires as is the case with both Telefonica and ETB.
Finally, more companies than ever are taking the proactive step of notifying their users of data demands, even when they are not formally required to do so. This commitment is important because it gives users a chance to defend themselves against overreaching government requests. In most situations, a user is in a better position than a company to challenge a government request for personal information, and of course, the user has more incentive to do so.
We:undefined:’:undefined:re proud to have worked with Fundaci:undefined:ó:undefined:n Karisma to push for transparency and users:undefined:’:undefined: rights in Colombia and look forward to seeing further improvement in years to come.
Make ISO from DVD
In this case I had an OS install disk which was required to be on a virtual node with no optical drive, so I needed to transfer an image to the server to create a VM
Find out which device the DVD is:lsblk
Output:NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 1G 0 part /boot └─sda2 8:2 0 464.8G 0 part ├─centos-root 253:0 0 50G 0 lvm / ├─centos-swap 253:1 0 11.8G 0 lvm [SWAP] └─centos-home 253:2 0 403G 0 lvm /home sdb 8:16 1 14.5G 0 disk /mnt sr0 11:0 1 4.1G 0 rom /run/media/rick/CCSA_X64FRE_EN-US_DV5
Therefore /dev/sr0 is the location , or disk to be made into an ISO
I prefer simplicity, and sometimes deal with the fallout after the fact, however Ive repeated this countless times with success.dd if=/dev/sr0 of=win10.iso
Where if=Input file and of=output file
I chill out and do something else while the image is being copied/created, and the final output:8555456+0 records in 8555456+0 records out 4380393472 bytes (4.4 GB) copied, 331.937 s, 13.2 MB/s
Recreate postrgresql database template encode to ASCIIUPDATE pg_database SET datistemplate = FALSE WHERE datname = 'template1';
Now we can drop it:DROP DATABASE template1;
Create database from template0, with a new default encoding:CREATE DATABASE template1 WITH TEMPLATE = template0 ENCODING = 'UNICODE'; UPDATE pg_database SET datistemplate = TRUE WHERE datname = 'template1'; \c template1 VACUUM FREEZE;