EFF Asks Copyright Office to Improve Exemptions to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act
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Washington, D.C.:undefined:—:undefined:The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) asked the Librarian of Congress today to limit the legal barriers people face when they want to repair and modify software-enabled products, so that they:undefined:—:undefined:not manufacturers:undefined:—:undefined: control the appliances, computers, toys, vehicles, and other products they own.
In comments filed in Washington D.C. today, EFF continued its years-long fight to enable owners and creators torepair, modify, and enhance products, or use snippets of films or songs, free of onerous threats that doing so somehow infringes companies:undefined:’:undefined: copyrights. Software-enabled devices and Internet-connected products and appliances are ubiquitous in modern life, and people aren:undefined:’:undefined:t infringing anyone:undefined:’:undefined:s copyright when, for example, they choose to permanently disable the embedded, on-all-the-time camera or microphone in their kids:undefined:’:undefined: toys, or send their car to their favorite mechanic, rather than high-priced dealerships, to be repaired.
:undefined:“:undefined:It:undefined:’:undefined:s absurd that a law intended to protect copyrighted works is misused instead to prevent people from taking apart or modifying the things they own, inhibit scientists and researches from investigating safety features or security enhancements, and block artists and educators from using snippets of film in noncommercial ways," said EFF Legal Director Corynne McSherry. :undefined:“:undefined:The exemption process is one highly flawed way of alleviating that burden.:undefined:”:undefined:
:undefined:“:undefined:We rely on the devices in our lives to learn and communicate, to keep us safe and get things done,:undefined:”:undefined: said EFF Staff Attorney Kit Walsh. :undefined:“:undefined:These devices should work for us and embody our preferences, not the commercial desires of their manufacturers. We, the users of these devices, should be able to decide how they affect our lives and how we can improve and adapt them. That:undefined:’:undefined:s how we ensure that technology enhances our freedoms rather than undermining them.:undefined:”:undefined:
This year EFF petitioned the Librarian to exempt from Section 1201 of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) all modifications and repairs of software-enabled devices that don:undefined:’:undefined:t infringe copyrights. It:undefined:’:undefined:s also seeking exemptions that will allow people to tinker with smart speakers and digital home assistants such as Amazon Echo and Google Home. EFF is also seeking one clear, easier-to-use exemption for video excerpts that would allow educators, libraries, documentary filmmakers, remix artists, and others to use video snippets without fear of legal repercussions by copyright owners. The Librarian implements the exemption recommendations of the Copyright Office.
:undefined:“:undefined:Our approach is simple: we are seeking to expand the types of activities that should be exempt from Section 1201 of the DMCA to encompass repairs, modifications, enhancements, and innovations that don:undefined:’:undefined:t infringe copyright,:undefined:”:undefined: said EFF Senior Staff Attorney Mitch Stoltz. :undefined:“:undefined:We shouldn:undefined:’:undefined:t have to seek exemptions for things copyright law already allows. Instead, there should be a general rule that allows people to circumvent digital locks to do any non-infringing activity.:undefined:”:undefined:
For EFF:undefined:’:undefined:s comments:
https://www.eff.org/document/eff-1201-exemption-comments-2017-computer-program-repairs https://www.eff.org/document/eff-1201-exemption-comments-2017-jailbreaking-0 https://www.eff.org/document/eff-1201-exemption-comments-2017-video-0 https://www.eff.org/document/huang-1201-exemption-comments-2017 https://www.eff.org/document/green-1201-exemption-comments-2017
For more on the Section 1201 exemption process:
For more on the unintended consequences of Section 1201 of the DMCA:
Make ISO from DVD
In this case I had an OS install disk which was required to be on a virtual node with no optical drive, so I needed to transfer an image to the server to create a VM
Find out which device the DVD is:lsblk
Output:NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 disk ├─sda1 8:1 0 1G 0 part /boot └─sda2 8:2 0 464.8G 0 part ├─centos-root 253:0 0 50G 0 lvm / ├─centos-swap 253:1 0 11.8G 0 lvm [SWAP] └─centos-home 253:2 0 403G 0 lvm /home sdb 8:16 1 14.5G 0 disk /mnt sr0 11:0 1 4.1G 0 rom /run/media/rick/CCSA_X64FRE_EN-US_DV5
Therefore /dev/sr0 is the location , or disk to be made into an ISO
I prefer simplicity, and sometimes deal with the fallout after the fact, however Ive repeated this countless times with success.dd if=/dev/sr0 of=win10.iso
Where if=Input file and of=output file
I chill out and do something else while the image is being copied/created, and the final output:8555456+0 records in 8555456+0 records out 4380393472 bytes (4.4 GB) copied, 331.937 s, 13.2 MB/s
Recreate postrgresql database template encode to ASCIIUPDATE pg_database SET datistemplate = FALSE WHERE datname = 'template1';
Now we can drop it:DROP DATABASE template1;
Create database from template0, with a new default encoding:CREATE DATABASE template1 WITH TEMPLATE = template0 ENCODING = 'UNICODE'; UPDATE pg_database SET datistemplate = TRUE WHERE datname = 'template1'; \c template1 VACUUM FREEZE;