Safety First: The Auto Industry Looks to Open Source to Uncover New Sources of Revenue

  • Xen hypervisor

    When it comes to automotive software, there are three key things to think about: safety, safety and safety.

    Open source moves into most industries in the same way. First, it is seen as unimportant, then too risky, and suddenly, it becomes essential.

    Just think about some of the fundamental building blocks of the connected economy – Linux, HTTP, SSL, Apache Web Servers and so much more. Each of these major open source platforms were combined and refined by many companies to provide a business platform, leading to billions upon billions of dollars in growth. Banking, Commerce, Media, Agriculture, Energy and other massive industry sectors are wholly dependent on the widespread use of open source software to function.

    Of course, each industry is different and faces its own set of unique challenges and requirements. In particular, the automotive industry is rightfully cautious about all software, not just open source. However, the industry has come to trust proven platforms that have shown results over time, rather than novel capabilities.

    Xen Hypervisor

    So, it is no surprise that the open source Xen Hypervisor is quickly moving to the forefront of open source technology for automotive. With a history that stretches back to the late 1990s, Xen is one of the oldest “new” technologies around. Starting as a research project at Cambridge University, Xen was first made open source in 2002 and then became deeply integrated into major Linux distributions in 2011.

    When it comes to automotive software, there are three key things to think about: safety, safety and safety. Stability and maturity matter in automotive software. This is where the combination of Xen maturity, 14 years and counting, running in major data centers around the globe, and open source software development have come together to ensure a stable base for new innovations in connected vehicles.

    Then there is the basic architecture of the open source Xen Hypervisor. No one wants anything interfering with mission-critical functions. If businesses don’t want to allow software to communicate with hardware, then take out the hardware drivers as driver disaggregation is a basic concept of Xen.

    Additionally, there’s the matter of ensuring that the code itself is manageable and does not consume too many system resources. Computers in vehicles are not particularly powerful and their local storage capacity is limited, which can be challenging. However, refining the open source code to the “essentials” is not only possible, it is a best practice. Consider that Xen is about 90K lines of code. It’s small enough to manage and consumes very little computing power, which is a huge benefit for any embedded engineering project with constrained resources.

    Open Source in Automotive

    Another reason automotive companies often overlook open source is because organizations believe that there’s no economic value to participating in its development and distribution. The hundreds of billions of dollars made each year by hundreds of companies (including Apple, Facebook, Google, Amazon, RedHat and thousands of others) prove otherwise. There are a myriad of benefits – cost reduction, speed of deployment and simplification of change management – that come with utilizing open source software, and the industry could accelerate business value by leveraging these tools.

    2018 is shaping up to be an important year for open source in automotive, but there are still a few major concerns that need to be resolved. Out of all the challenges that the industry faces, the primary concern involves third-party safety certification. Attaining third-party certification for any software project (open source or not) is difficult.

    However, the argument that open source software, by its nature, can’t be certified or used in life safety applications is invalid. For example, open source software has been behind image-guided surgery equipment since 2006, spurring innovation and advancement in robotic-assisted platforms and improving patient outcome. In 2018, you can expect to see the transition from “useful” to “essential” for more and more open source projects, especially as the whole industry steps up and learns how to use software as a competitive differentiator in the marketplace.

    Martin Focazio is Managing Principal, Business Consulting, EPAM

    The post Safety First: The Auto Industry Looks to Open Source to Uncover New Sources of Revenue appeared first on The Linux Foundation.

Tmux Commands

screen and tmux

A comparison of the features (or more-so just a table of notes for accessing some of those features) for GNU screen and BSD-licensed tmux.

The formatting here is simple enough to understand (I would hope). ^ means ctrl+, so ^x is ctrl+x. M- means meta (generally left-alt or escape)+, so M-x is left-alt+x

It should be noted that this is no where near a full feature-set of either group. This - being a cheat-sheet - is just to point out the most very basic features to get you on the road.

Trust the developers and manpage writers more than me. This document is originally from 2009 when tmux was still new - since then both of these programs have had many updates and features added (not all of which have been dutifully noted here).

Action tmux screen
start a new session tmux OR
tmux new OR
tmux new-session
re-attach a detached session tmux attach OR
tmux attach-session
re-attach an attached session (detaching it from elsewhere) tmux attach -d OR
tmux attach-session -d
screen -dr
re-attach an attached session (keeping it attached elsewhere) tmux attach OR
tmux attach-session
screen -x
detach from currently attached session ^b d OR
^b :detach
^a ^d OR
^a :detach
rename-window to newname ^b , <newname> OR
^b :rename-window <newn>
^a A <newname>
list windows ^b w ^a w
list windows in chooseable menu ^a "
go to window # ^b # ^a #
go to last-active window ^b l ^a ^a
go to next window ^b n ^a n
go to previous window ^b p ^a p
see keybindings ^b ? ^a ?
list sessions ^b s OR
tmux ls OR
tmux list-sessions
screen -ls
toggle visual bell ^a ^g
create another window ^b c ^a c
exit current shell/window ^d ^d
split window/pane horizontally ^b " ^a S
split window/pane vertically ^b % ^a |
switch to other pane ^b o ^a <tab>
kill the current pane ^b x OR (logout/^D)
collapse the current pane/split (but leave processes running) ^a X
cycle location of panes ^b ^o
swap current pane with previous ^b {
swap current pane with next ^b }
show time ^b t
show numeric values of panes ^b q
toggle zoom-state of current pane (maximize/return current pane) ^b z
break the current pane out of its window (to form new window) ^b !
re-arrange current panels within same window (different layouts) ^b [space]
Kill the current window (and all panes within) ^b killw [target-window]
  • Open Source Summit

    Join us in Edinburgh! Submit a proposal to speak by July 1 for Open Source Summit & ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    Submit a proposal to speak at Open Source Summit Europe & ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe, taking place October 22-24, 2018, in Edinburgh, UK, and share your knowledge and expertise with 2,000+ open source technologists and community leaders. Proposals are being accepted through 11:59pm PDT, Sunday, July 1.

    This year’s tracks and content will cover the following areas at Open Source Summit Europe:

    Cloud Native Apps/Serverless/Microservices Infrastructure & Automation (Cloud/Cloud Native/DevOps) Linux Systems Artificial Intelligence & Data Analytics Emerging Technologies & Wildcard (Networking, Edge, IoT, Hardware, Blockchain) Community, Compliance, Governance, Culture, Open Source Program Management (Open Collaboration Conference track) Diversity & Inclusion (Diversity Empowerment Summit) Innovation at Apache/Apache Projects TODO / Open Source Program Management

    View the full list of suggested topics for Open Source Summit Europe.

    Suggested Embedded Linux Conference (ELC) Topics:

    Audio, Video, Streaming Media and Graphics Security System Size, Boot Speed Real-Time Linux – Performance, Tuning and Mainlining SDKs for Embedded Products Flash Memory Devices and Filesystems Build Systems, Embedded Distributions and Development Tools Linux in Devices such as Mobile Phones, DVRs, TVs, Cameras, etc Use of Linux in Automotive Drones and Robots Linux in the Internet of Things Practical Experiences and War Stories Standards Public Infrastructure Industrial Automation

    This year’s tracks and content will cover the following areas at ELC:

    Suggested OpenIoT Summit Topics:

    Real-Time OS (Zephyr, RIOT, MyNewt, FreeRTOS, NuttX, mbed and Others) Outside World Meets IoT (Sensor Interaction, Low Footprint, Connected Sensors, EMF/RFI Impact) Bootloaders, Firmware & Updates Containers Distributed Edge Application Technologies On-device Analytics Blockchain for Constrained Devices Device Management Power Management Configuration Management Developing for Security Safety Considerations Certifications – Lessons Learned Taking Devices to Product

    View the full list of suggested topics for ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.


    Sign up to receive updates on Open Source Summit Europe and ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe:

    Register & Save

    Not submitting, but plan to attend? Register before August 18 and save $300 with early bird pricing. One registration gets you access to both Open Source Summit Europe & ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    Interested in Sponsoring?

    Showcase your thought leadership among a vibrant open source community and connect with top influencers driving today’s technology purchasing decisions. Learn how to become a sponsor of Open Source Summit Europe or ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    The post Last Chance to Speak at Open Source Summit and ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe – Submit by July 1 appeared first on The Linux Foundation.

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  • Open Source Guides

    The Open Source Guides for the Enterprise are now available in Chinese.

    The popular Open Source Guides for the Enterprise, developed by The Linux Foundation in collaboration with the TODO Group, are now available in Chinese. This set of guides provides industry-proven best practices to help organizations successfully leverage open source.

    “Making these resources available to Chinese audiences in their native language will encourage even greater adoption of and participation with open source projects,” said Chris Aniszczyk, CTO of Cloud Native Computing Foundation and co-founder of the TODO Group. The guides span various stages of the open source project lifecycle, from initial planning and formation to winding down a project.

    The 10 guides now available in Mandarin include topics such as:

    Creating an Open Source Program by Chris Aniszczyk, Cloud Native Computing Foundation; Jeff McAffer, Microsoft; Will Norris, Google; and Andrew Spyker, Netflix Using Open Source Code by Ibrahim Haddad, Samsung Research America Participating in Open Source Communities by Stormy Peters, Red Hat; and Nithya Ruff, Comcast Recruiting Open Source Developers by Guy Martin, Autodesk; Jeff Osier-Mixon, Intel Corporation; Nithya Ruff; and Gil Yehuda, Oath Measuring Your Open Source Program’s Success by Christine Abernathy, Facebook; Chris Aniszczyk; Joe Beda, Heptio; Sarah Novotny, Google; and Gil Yehuda

    The translated guides were launched at the LinuxCon + ContainerCon + CloudOpen China conference in Beijing, where The Linux Foundation also welcomed Chinese Internet giant Tencent as a Platinum Member.

    The post Open Source Guides for the Enterprise Now Available in Chinese appeared first on The Linux Foundation.

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