More Tips for Managing a Fast-Growing Open Source Project



  • open source project

    Matt Butcher provides tips for managing open source projects based on experience with Kubernetes Helm.

    As open source technology has become more strategically important for organizations everywhere, many tech workers are choosing to or being asked to build out and oversee their own open source projects. From Google, to Netflix to Facebook, companies are also releasing their open source creations to the community. These efforts require more management than may seem apparent at first, and there is also a particular kind of “nice problem to have” that can arise. Specifically, a new open source project can suddenly take on a life of its own, growing far faster than ever imagined.

    That nice problem to have was the subject of an Open Source Summit 2017 session presented by Matt Butcher, Principal Software Development Engineer at Microsoft. We covered some of his advice for open source projects in a previous post. And, here, we discuss specific project management issues Butcher has faced.

    In his talk, Butcher cited examples from the Kubernetes Helm project, which grew to involve hundreds of contributors and thousands of active users in a span of 18 months…

    Minefields and sparring matches

    One thing Butcher and his collaborators on the Helm project learned is that managing governance and standards is an ongoing challenge. They also learned that code reviews can become “minefields of interaction,” where community members may have unexpected motives behind their messages. “I have been involved in situations where code reviews become a sparring match,” said Butcher.

    “With Helm, we developed guidelines for them. They can develop in such a way that some people will just want to weigh in and show that they’re right. In some cases it’s very important to acknowledge contributions We actually have an internal rule in our core maintainers guide that says, ‘Make sure that at least one comment that you leave on a code review, if you’re asking for changes, is a positive one. It sounds really juvenile, right? But it serves a specific purpose. It lets somebody know, ‘I acknowledge that you just made a gift of your time and your resources,” he said.

    Shifting perspective

    Butcher also noted that team dynamics can change quickly as internal focus shifts to external focus. “At some point you’re going to release your project out into the wild, and then you’ll hit your stability marker, which might be, say, your version 1.0,” he said. “At that point your perspective changes and you say, ‘Hey, instead of huddling together to work on our team dynamics, we’re all going to face outward. That can be a touchy border to be on.”

    In the case of Helm, team members reached out in unexpected ways during the early growth phase. “We did some crazy stuff when we were launching it,” Butcher said. “We actually had kind of an internal semi-formal policy that you would pair with people who came in and had big problems, which resulted in random people from the team joining meetings with people they’d never met and saying, ‘Hey, tell me about your problem and let me see if I can help.’ The whole point of this was to try and actively pull people into the community and get them engaged right away.”

    Timelines are guidelines

    Butcher stressed that project managers should “know what they’re building and be ruthless about sticking to it.” That means, in some cases, that timelines are guidelines. “You want to commit to timelines, because that’s respectful to the community,” he said. “On the flip side, you also are trying to keep your core contributors motivated. You don’t want them to feel undue pressure. In many cases the community understands that you are at the liberty of the contributors and sometimes something does come up. At times, we had to go back to the community and say, ‘we couldn’t do it because the Kubernetes team isn’t ready for us yet, so we’re going to have to wait a little while.”

    You can learn more about open source project management in The Linux Foundation’s growing collection of Open Source Guides for the Enterprise. These free online guides cover starting an open source project, improving your open source impact, participating in open source communities, and more.

    Share your knowledge and expertise at Open Source Summit North America, happening August 29-31 in Vancouver BC. Proposals are being accepted through April 29th.

    The post More Tips for Managing a Fast-Growing Open Source Project appeared first on The Linux Foundation.

    https://www.linuxfoundation.org/blog/more-tips-for-managing-a-fast-growing-open-source-project/





Tmux Commands

screen and tmux

A comparison of the features (or more-so just a table of notes for accessing some of those features) for GNU screen and BSD-licensed tmux.

The formatting here is simple enough to understand (I would hope). ^ means ctrl+, so ^x is ctrl+x. M- means meta (generally left-alt or escape)+, so M-x is left-alt+x

It should be noted that this is no where near a full feature-set of either group. This - being a cheat-sheet - is just to point out the most very basic features to get you on the road.

Trust the developers and manpage writers more than me. This document is originally from 2009 when tmux was still new - since then both of these programs have had many updates and features added (not all of which have been dutifully noted here).

Action tmux screen
start a new session tmux OR
tmux new OR
tmux new-session
screen
re-attach a detached session tmux attach OR
tmux attach-session
screen-r
re-attach an attached session (detaching it from elsewhere) tmux attach -d OR
tmux attach-session -d
screen -dr
re-attach an attached session (keeping it attached elsewhere) tmux attach OR
tmux attach-session
screen -x
detach from currently attached session ^b d OR
^b :detach
^a ^d OR
^a :detach
rename-window to newname ^b , <newname> OR
^b :rename-window <newn>
^a A <newname>
list windows ^b w ^a w
list windows in chooseable menu ^a "
go to window # ^b # ^a #
go to last-active window ^b l ^a ^a
go to next window ^b n ^a n
go to previous window ^b p ^a p
see keybindings ^b ? ^a ?
list sessions ^b s OR
tmux ls OR
tmux list-sessions
screen -ls
toggle visual bell ^a ^g
create another window ^b c ^a c
exit current shell/window ^d ^d
split window/pane horizontally ^b " ^a S
split window/pane vertically ^b % ^a |
switch to other pane ^b o ^a <tab>
kill the current pane ^b x OR (logout/^D)
collapse the current pane/split (but leave processes running) ^a X
cycle location of panes ^b ^o
swap current pane with previous ^b {
swap current pane with next ^b }
show time ^b t
show numeric values of panes ^b q
toggle zoom-state of current pane (maximize/return current pane) ^b z
break the current pane out of its window (to form new window) ^b !
re-arrange current panels within same window (different layouts) ^b [space]
Kill the current window (and all panes within) ^b killw [target-window]
  • Open Source Summit

    Join us in Edinburgh! Submit a proposal to speak by July 1 for Open Source Summit & ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    Submit a proposal to speak at Open Source Summit Europe & ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe, taking place October 22-24, 2018, in Edinburgh, UK, and share your knowledge and expertise with 2,000+ open source technologists and community leaders. Proposals are being accepted through 11:59pm PDT, Sunday, July 1.

    This year’s tracks and content will cover the following areas at Open Source Summit Europe:

    Cloud Native Apps/Serverless/Microservices Infrastructure & Automation (Cloud/Cloud Native/DevOps) Linux Systems Artificial Intelligence & Data Analytics Emerging Technologies & Wildcard (Networking, Edge, IoT, Hardware, Blockchain) Community, Compliance, Governance, Culture, Open Source Program Management (Open Collaboration Conference track) Diversity & Inclusion (Diversity Empowerment Summit) Innovation at Apache/Apache Projects TODO / Open Source Program Management

    View the full list of suggested topics for Open Source Summit Europe.

    Suggested Embedded Linux Conference (ELC) Topics:

    Audio, Video, Streaming Media and Graphics Security System Size, Boot Speed Real-Time Linux – Performance, Tuning and Mainlining SDKs for Embedded Products Flash Memory Devices and Filesystems Build Systems, Embedded Distributions and Development Tools Linux in Devices such as Mobile Phones, DVRs, TVs, Cameras, etc Use of Linux in Automotive Drones and Robots Linux in the Internet of Things Practical Experiences and War Stories Standards Public Infrastructure Industrial Automation

    This year’s tracks and content will cover the following areas at ELC:

    Suggested OpenIoT Summit Topics:

    Real-Time OS (Zephyr, RIOT, MyNewt, FreeRTOS, NuttX, mbed and Others) Outside World Meets IoT (Sensor Interaction, Low Footprint, Connected Sensors, EMF/RFI Impact) Bootloaders, Firmware & Updates Containers Distributed Edge Application Technologies On-device Analytics Blockchain for Constrained Devices Device Management Power Management Configuration Management Developing for Security Safety Considerations Certifications – Lessons Learned Taking Devices to Product

    View the full list of suggested topics for ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    SUBMIT FOR OPEN SOURCE SUMMIT EUROPE »SUBMIT FOR ELC + OPENIOT SUMMIT EUROPE »

    Sign up to receive updates on Open Source Summit Europe and ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe:

    Register & Save

    Not submitting, but plan to attend? Register before August 18 and save $300 with early bird pricing. One registration gets you access to both Open Source Summit Europe & ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    Interested in Sponsoring?

    Showcase your thought leadership among a vibrant open source community and connect with top influencers driving today’s technology purchasing decisions. Learn how to become a sponsor of Open Source Summit Europe or ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe.

    The post Last Chance to Speak at Open Source Summit and ELC + OpenIoT Summit Europe – Submit by July 1 appeared first on The Linux Foundation.

    https://www.linuxfoundation.org/blog/last-chance-to-speak-at-open-source-summit-and-elc-openiot-summit-europe-submit-by-july-1/

    read more
  • Open Source Guides

    The Open Source Guides for the Enterprise are now available in Chinese.

    The popular Open Source Guides for the Enterprise, developed by The Linux Foundation in collaboration with the TODO Group, are now available in Chinese. This set of guides provides industry-proven best practices to help organizations successfully leverage open source.

    “Making these resources available to Chinese audiences in their native language will encourage even greater adoption of and participation with open source projects,” said Chris Aniszczyk, CTO of Cloud Native Computing Foundation and co-founder of the TODO Group. The guides span various stages of the open source project lifecycle, from initial planning and formation to winding down a project.

    The 10 guides now available in Mandarin include topics such as:

    Creating an Open Source Program by Chris Aniszczyk, Cloud Native Computing Foundation; Jeff McAffer, Microsoft; Will Norris, Google; and Andrew Spyker, Netflix Using Open Source Code by Ibrahim Haddad, Samsung Research America Participating in Open Source Communities by Stormy Peters, Red Hat; and Nithya Ruff, Comcast Recruiting Open Source Developers by Guy Martin, Autodesk; Jeff Osier-Mixon, Intel Corporation; Nithya Ruff; and Gil Yehuda, Oath Measuring Your Open Source Program’s Success by Christine Abernathy, Facebook; Chris Aniszczyk; Joe Beda, Heptio; Sarah Novotny, Google; and Gil Yehuda

    The translated guides were launched at the LinuxCon + ContainerCon + CloudOpen China conference in Beijing, where The Linux Foundation also welcomed Chinese Internet giant Tencent as a Platinum Member.

    The post Open Source Guides for the Enterprise Now Available in Chinese appeared first on The Linux Foundation.

    https://www.linuxfoundation.org/blog/open-source-guides-for-the-enterprise-now-available-in-chinese/

    read more
});