Create tar.gz of entire directory from the command line

  • Following these commands will create an archive in any name you wish, the original directory name or file name does not matter, of course do not forget if your not running as root, to use sudo before any command:
    tar -zcvf choose-a name-for-the-archive.tar.gz directory-name

    • -z => Compress archive using gzip program
    • -c => Create archive
    • -v => Verbose -in other words this will show you the progress during the archiving
    • -f => Archive File name

    For example, you have directory called /var/www/html and you would like to compress this directory then you can type tar command as follows:

    tar -zcvf chosen-archive-name.tar.gz /var/www/html

    Above command will create an archive file called chosen-archive-name.tar.gz within your current directory.

    When you want to un archive the file use the following commands:

    tar -zxvf chosen-archive-name.tar.gz


    • -x: Extract files

    To extract in a different directory than your current location, simply add the directory to the end of the command, with the ‘-C flag’ before.

    tar -zxvf chosen-archive-name.tar.gz  -C /home

    Then switch directories to the location you specified the extracted archive:

    cd /home

    And list the files:


Log in to reply

Tmux Commands

screen and tmux

A comparison of the features (or more-so just a table of notes for accessing some of those features) for GNU screen and BSD-licensed tmux.

The formatting here is simple enough to understand (I would hope). ^ means ctrl+, so ^x is ctrl+x. M- means meta (generally left-alt or escape)+, so M-x is left-alt+x

It should be noted that this is no where near a full feature-set of either group. This - being a cheat-sheet - is just to point out the most very basic features to get you on the road.

Trust the developers and manpage writers more than me. This document is originally from 2009 when tmux was still new - since then both of these programs have had many updates and features added (not all of which have been dutifully noted here).

Action tmux screen
start a new session tmux OR
tmux new OR
tmux new-session
re-attach a detached session tmux attach OR
tmux attach-session
re-attach an attached session (detaching it from elsewhere) tmux attach -d OR
tmux attach-session -d
screen -dr
re-attach an attached session (keeping it attached elsewhere) tmux attach OR
tmux attach-session
screen -x
detach from currently attached session ^b d OR
^b :detach
^a ^d OR
^a :detach
rename-window to newname ^b , <newname> OR
^b :rename-window <newn>
^a A <newname>
list windows ^b w ^a w
list windows in chooseable menu ^a "
go to window # ^b # ^a #
go to last-active window ^b l ^a ^a
go to next window ^b n ^a n
go to previous window ^b p ^a p
see keybindings ^b ? ^a ?
list sessions ^b s OR
tmux ls OR
tmux list-sessions
screen -ls
toggle visual bell ^a ^g
create another window ^b c ^a c
exit current shell/window ^d ^d
split window/pane horizontally ^b " ^a S
split window/pane vertically ^b % ^a |
switch to other pane ^b o ^a <tab>
kill the current pane ^b x OR (logout/^D)
collapse the current pane/split (but leave processes running) ^a X
cycle location of panes ^b ^o
swap current pane with previous ^b {
swap current pane with next ^b }
show time ^b t
show numeric values of panes ^b q
toggle zoom-state of current pane (maximize/return current pane) ^b z
break the current pane out of its window (to form new window) ^b !
re-arrange current panels within same window (different layouts) ^b [space]
Kill the current window (and all panes within) ^b killw [target-window]